The main area of cancer pathology research is in the discovery of novel cancer biomarkers which can be used by cancer specialists to prognosticate and fine-tune cancer therapy for each individual. This is called personalized medicine; the cornerstone of modern cancer medicine.

When a cancer patient undergoes surgery, the tissue removed is sent for pathology testing. This is Glass slide containing tissue section for examination by a pathologist important to confirm the cancer diagnosis, and to identify cancer characteristics which can help oncologists and other cancer specialists plan follow-up treatment.